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The Developing Brain and Child Abuse

1.  The human brain begins forming three weeks after conception.
A) True
B) False
2.  Young children's brains are more vulnerable to developmental problems.
A) True
B) False
3.  Researchers are beginning to see the scientific "evidence" of altered brain functioning as a result of early abuse and neglect.
A) True
B) False
4.  When babies are born, they have almost all of the neurons they will ever have.
A) True
B) False
5.  The brainstem and midbrain govern the bodily functions necessary for life.
A) True
B) False
6.  By the age of 3, a baby's brain has reached 100 percent of its adult size.
A) True
B) False
7.  Exposure to alcohol and other drugs in utero can disrupt and significantly impair the way a baby's brain is formed.
A) True
B) False
8.  Synapses organize the brain by forming neuronal pathways that connect the parts of the brain governing everything we do-from breathing and sleeping to thinking and feeling.
A) True
B) False
9.  It is now clear that what a child experiences in the first few years of life largely determines how his brain will develop and how he will interact with the world throughout his life.
A) True
B) False
10.  Malnutrition, both before and during the first few years after birth, has been shown to result in stunted brain growth and slower passage of electrical signals in the brain.
A) True
B) False
11.  There are different types of memories, such as motor, cognitive, and emotional memories.
A) True
B) False
12.  The creation of memories is part of our adaptation to our environment.
A) True
B) False
13.  Children who experience the stress of physical or sexual abuse will focus their brains' resources on survival and responding to threats in their environment.
A) True
B) False
14.  Because the brain ultimately controls all bodily functions, experiences that alter brain development also alter our bodies' responses.
A) True
B) False
15.  One of the first priorities of an infant is to form an attachment to his primary caregiver.
A) True
B) False
16.  Children who have been abused or neglected may not be functioning at their chronological age in terms of their physical, social, emotional, and cognitive skills.
A) True
B) False

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