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Obesity

1.  Approximately fifty-five percent of adults (or an estimated 97 million adults) in the United States are overweight or obese.
A) True
B) False
2.  Overweight and obesity result from a complex interaction between genes and the environment characterized by long-term energy imbalance.
A) True
B) False
3.  The age-adjusted prevalence of high blood pressure increases progressively with higher levels of BMI in men only.
A) True
B) False
4.  Obesity and hypertension are comorbid risk factors for the development of cardiovascular disease.
A) True
B) False
5.   At each BMI level, the prevalence of high blood cholesterol is greater in women than in men.
A) True
B) False
6.  The risk of gallstones increases with adult weight.
A) True
B) False
7.  Individuals who are overweight or obese increase their risk for the development of osteoarthritis.
A) True
B) False
8.  Most people with sleep apnea have a BMI above 30.
A) True
B) False
9.  Obesity in premenopausal women is associated with menstrual irregularity and amenorrhea.
A) True
B) False
10.  Obesity during pregnancy is associated with decreased morbidity for both the mother and the child.
A) True
B) False
11.  Women who are overweight or obese at the onset of pregnancy are advised to gain less total weight during the pregnancy.
A) True
B) False
12.   People's negative attitudes toward the obese often translate into discrimination.
A) True
B) False
13.  Body image is defined as the perception of one's own body size and appearance and the emotional response to this perception.
A) True
B) False
14.  Body image dissatisfaction and the desire to improve physical appearance often drives individuals to seek weight loss.
A) True
B) False
15.  Body image perceptions of individuals in various ethnic and racial groups may be different.
A) True
B) False
16.  Obesity is a chronic disease, and both the patient and the practitioner need to understand that successful treatment requires a life-long effort.
A) True
B) False
17.  When assessing a patient as a candidate for weight loss therapy, consider the patient's body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, and overall risk status.
A) True
B) False
18.  BMI should be used to assess overweight and obesity and to monitor changes in body weight.
A) True
B) False
19.  The presence of excess fat in the abdomen out of proportion to total body fat is an independent predictor of risk factors and morbidity.
A) True
B) False
20.  The initial goal of weight loss therapy is to reduce body weight by approximately 10 percent from baseline.
A) True
B) False
21.   Lost weight usually will be regained unless a weight maintenance program consisting of dietary therapy, physical activity, and behavior therapy is continued indefinitely.
A) True
B) False
22.  Patients in whom weight loss therapy is not appropriate include most pregnant or lactating women and those with serious psychiatric illness.
A) True
B) False

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