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HIV/AIDS

1.  The earliest known case of HIV-1 in a human was from a blood sample collected in 1959 from a man in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo.
A) True
B) False
2.  HIV-1 was introduced into the human population when hunters became exposed to infected blood.
A) True
B) False
3.  HIV disease progresses to AIDS when the CD4+ T cell count drops below 200 cells/mm.
A) True
B) False
4.  When HIV enters a person’s CD4+ T cell, it uses the cell to make copies of itself.
A) True
B) False
5.  Infected pregnant women can pass HIV to their babies during pregnancy or delivery as well as through breast feeding.
A) True
B) False
6.  White blood cells affected with the HIV virus resist treatment by disguising themselves as protease inhibitors.
A) True
B) False
7.  Cerebrospinal fluid surrounding the brain and the spinal cord can transmit the AIDS virus.
A) True
B) False
8.  Untreated HIV disease is characterized by a gradual deterioration of immune function.
A) True
B) False
9.  A healthy, uninfected person usually has 800 to 1,200 CD4+ T cells per cubic millimeter (mm3) of blood.
A) True
B) False
10.  Worldwide an estimated 38 million people were living with HIV/AIDS as of December 2003.
A) True
B) False
11.  HIV belongs to a class of viruses called retroviruses.
A) True
B) False
12.  Among adults, HIV is spread most commonly through blood transfusions.
A) True
B) False
13.  Almost all HIV-infected children in the United States get the virus from their mothers before or during birth.
A) True
B) False
14.  Two to four weeks after exposure to the virus, up to 70 percent of HIV infected people suffer flu like symptoms related to the acute infection.
A) True
B) False
15.  HIV infection fits the profile of a condition that carries a low level of stigmatization.
A) True
B) False
16.  HIV/AIDS-related stigma affects issues related to HIV testing including delays in testing.
A) True
B) False
17.  Accessing health care can be a challenge for people who are HIV positive because the health care system itself is often a source of stigmatization.
A) True
B) False
18.  Isolation is a significant issue for seropositive clients.
A) True
B) False
19.  In the U.S. women account for the largest number of people reported with AIDS each year.
A) True
B) False
20.  Currently available drugs do not cure HIV infection or AIDS.
A) True
B) False
21.  Only FDA-approved HIV tests should be used for diagnostic purposes.
A) True
B) False
22.  The FDA has approved home-use HIV test kits.
A) True
B) False
23.  False positive test results are rare.
A) True
B) False
24.  As HIV reproduces itself, different strains of the virus emerge, some that are resistant to antiretroviral drugs.
A) True
B) False
25.  People infected with HIV have impaired immune systems that can leave them susceptible to opportunistic infections.
A) True
B) False
26.  People taking antiretroviral drugs often have low adherence to complicated drug regimens.
A) True
B) False
27.  Only FDA-approved HIV tests should be used for diagnostic purposes.
A) True
B) False

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