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Depression - Recent Trends in Research

1.  Of the major types of depressions, which is the least severe?
A) major depression
B) dysthymia
C) unipolar depression
D) bipolar disorder
2.  Research has repeatedly shown that the best treatment for people diagnosed with a major depression is:
A) Keeping the patient away from all unwanted social activities.
B) Medication.
C) Lengthy vacations with plenty of rest.
D) Medication and "talking therapies."
3.  The same area of the brain is activated by optimism and depression.
A) True
B) False
4.  Research has suggested that early maternal care affects
A) the methylation state of specific genes..
B) hormonal response to stress.
C) the DNA chromatin structure
D) All of the above.
5.  Suicidal events may be predicted by
A) suicidal thinking, higher levels of parent-child conflict, and the use of drugs or alcohol.
C) the use of combination therapies.
D) non-suicidal self injury.
6.  Anti-anxiety medications such as benzodiazepines
A) increase the liklihood of a suicidal event in research by Brent.
B) decrease the liklihood of a suicidal event in research by Brent.
C) have consistently shown they have no effect on suicidal events.
D) should always be used with a SSRI.
7.  If a first treatment with an SSRI fails
A) no other SSRI will be effective.
B) the patient should be tried on a different SSRI.
C) the patient should be given benzodiazapines to increase success.
D) it should be continued until it is effective.
8.  Diligent follow-up after initial success
A) is unnecessary once the medication has begun to be effective.
B) is necessary so medications can be stopped once the depression has passed.
C) is essential to avoiding relapse in teen depression.
D) increases the liklihood of future depressive episodes.
9.  The use of SSRI's during pregnancy
A) may result in problems in the fetus such as breathing.
B) increase the risk of premature births.
C) greatly increase the risk of major birth defects.
D) increases the risk of low birth weight more than untreated major depression.
10.  People who experience high levels of anxiety with a major depression
A) have more severe depression than those with depression alone.
B) are more likely to be unemployed.
C) are less likely to respond to anti-depressants
D) All of the above.
11.  Combining psychotherapy with medication in long-term studies of depressed teenagers.
A) generally is more expensive due to investment in long-term therapy.
B) can be cost-effective.
C) shows no significant improvement in outcome studies.
D) shows no improvement over switching to an SNRI.
12.  The liklihood of depression following an acute stroke can be reduced with psychotherapy and medication.
A) True
B) a stroke causes depression through specific chemical changes.
C) little is known about this phenomona.
D) a stroke directly effects thickening of the brain tissues, thus causing depression.

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